Periodontal disease is the leading cause of adult tooth loss in the United States. That means more Americans lose their teeth to gum disease than age or trauma. This is an important fact considering up to 80% of the population has some form of gum disease. Early stage periodontitis, commonly called gingivitis, can have no patient identifiable symptoms at all. However, Dr. Swathi can identify the signs leading up to gum disease with a simple periodontal exam. That’s why it’s so important to visit your dentist every six months for a checkup.
Strokes, heart attack, respiratory problems, low birth weight, diabetic complications, and other overall health concerns have
been clinically linked to gum disease. But how does a dental problem affect your health and wellbeing? Gum disease is an infection of the soft gum tissues. It’s an aggressive bacteria that continues to attack until it reaches tooth roots and bone. As it advances, it causes the gums to bleed which then allows the bacteria into the bloodstream. When this bacterium is carried throughout the body, it can cause serious complications.
Irritated gums start with a buildup of plaque and food particles in and on teeth. Brushing and flossing helps to remove most plaque, but some will remain behind. Bacteria contained in plaque begin to flourish destroying gum tissue. This breaks the strong bond between teeth and gums creating pockets that allow bacteria further into the gums. If left untreated, tooth roots and jawbone can be affected.
The initial symptoms of gum disease are silent and painless. You might notice slight swelling, redness, and tenderness of the gums. Some patients may experience bleeding when they brush. Left untreated, early-stage gum disease can escalate into periodontitis and cause a swarm of related complications.
Don’t let gum disease steal your health. If you experience symptoms or have not seen a dentist in the past six months, call Valley Fair to schedule a checkup and oral hygiene consultation. Dr.Swathi can also recommend tooth replacement options, such as dental implants, if you’ve lost teeth due to gum disease.